Atypical Fibroxanthoma FAQs
What is atypical fibroxanthoma? »
Atypical fibroxanthoma is a type of skin cancer that typically occurs on the head and neck of older people who have had lots of sun damage. It is not usually thought of with the more common skin cancers, such as basal or squamous cell carcinomas, but it is considered to be skin cancer. Atypical fibroxanthoma usually appear as pink-red raise areas or bumps that may be tender, and difficult to heal. It does not spread to other areas of the body.
What are the symptoms of atypical fibroxanthoma? »
Atypical fibroxanthoma can look like other non-melanoma skin cancers. These growths will show themselves as pink-red in color. They will be raised areas or individual bumps. These grow on the head and neck in older patients.
What causes atypical fibroxanthoma? »
Atypical fibroxanthoma is associated with prolonged years of sun exposure, aging, and possibly x-ray radiation exposure. Both UV radiation and x-ray radiation can cause abnormal growth of atypical spindle cells, which lead to these growths.
How is atypical fibroxanthoma treated? »
These small growths are removed through surgical excision, either curettage or electrosurgery. Mohs micrographic surgery can be used for areas where a scar is undesirable, as it removes the least amount of healthy tissue.
What is the cure rate for atypical fibroxanthoma? »
Atypical fibroxanthoma rarely recur after complete excision with clear margins, making it virtually 100 percent cure rate. The key to not developing additional growths is to limit sun exposure to the areas of the head and back of the neck.